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Table 1 A comparison of SWAN, nanopublications and Biological Expression Language

From: Micropublications: a semantic model for claims, evidence, arguments and annotations in biomedical communications

  SWAN Nanopublications BEL
First specification 2008[20] 2010[24] 2011[18]
Current specification 2012[19] 2012[25] 2011
Statements in Natural language Formal language Formal language
Statement provenance SWAN-PAV ontology SWAN-PAV ontology SWAN-PAV ontology
Backing references from literature Yes Yes Yes
Support claim networks No No No
Direct empirical scientific evidence No No No