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Table 5 KR issues by category, for the topic membrane structure

From: Comparative analysis of knowledge representation and reasoning requirements across a range of life sciences textbooks

Category of KR/KE issue Number of UTs affected (%)
Levine Raven Alberts Kandel
Negative information   3 (1%) 17 (7%) 2 (2%)
Spatial relation 3 (4.5%) 17 (7%) 15 (6%) 2 (2%)
Missing slot (other than spatial relation)   6 (2.5%) 8 (3%) 4 (4%)
Inability to state graded quantifiers 6 (9%) 28 (12%) 10 (4%)  
Modeling biological models and reified statements 1 (1.5%) 19 (8%) 1 6 (7%)
Property-value comparison     
Causation    2 (1%)  
Disjunction    1  
Conditionality    5 (2%)  
Possibility    3 (1%)  
Data interpretation     
Science as process     2 (2%)
Qualitative number constraint   1   
Mathematical reasoning     
Vagueness/ambiguity   2 15 (6%)  
Other   3 (1%)   
Total 10 (15%) 79 (33%) 77 (31%) 16 (18%)