Skip to main content

Table 1 Summary of main extant tutorial ontologies

From: The African wildlife ontology tutorial ontologies

OntologyYearStated aimContentLanguageModelling issuesAutomated reasoningCurrent OE (e.g., ODP, FO)
wine2001novice ‘all aspects’ (methodology, modelling, reasoning) for OEsomewhat generic, repetitive, limited extensibilityframes; the wine.owl in OWL DL is based on itmultiple (e.g., class vs instance, hasX)yesno
pizza2004Protégé user guide, also illustrate OWL and reasoningsomewhat generic, repetitive, limited extensibilityOWL DLmultiple (e.g., hasX, FO commitment, lack of domain & range)yesno
university2005illustrate OWL and reasoninggeneric, CDM (cf. ontology) scope, very small<OWL DL (ALCIN)multiple (e.g., XorY, naming of individuals)yesno
zooAnimals2011illustrate DL&OWL and some GoodOD modelling guidelinesgeneric, a lot of detail, easily extensible<OWL 2 DL (SHO)fewyespartially (BioTopLite)
family history2013illustrate OWL 2 DL and reasoningspecific to author’s family, not extensibleOWL 2 DLmultiple (e.g., hasX, FO commitment, lack of domain & range)errorno
shirt2015illustrate the design of the FMAgeneric, structure specific to FMA, repetitive, not extensible<OWL 2 DL (ALCIQ)few (lack of domain & range)nonevery limited (reference ontology)
  1. Abbreviations: OE: ontology engineering; ODP: ontology design pattern; FO: foundational ontology; CDM: conceptual data model; FMA: foundational model of anatomy; OWL DL is SHOIN(D) and OWL 2 DL is SROIQ(D) in DL notation