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Table 2 Induced objective categories with their definition and associated NLP task(s)

From: Natural language processing algorithms for mapping clinical text fragments onto ontology concepts: a systematic review and recommendations for future studies

Induced category Induced NLP task(s) Definition
Computer-assisted coding Concept detection Perform semi-automated annotation (i.e., with a human in the loop)
Information comparison Concept detection
Event detection
Relationship detection
Compare extracted structured information to information available in free-text form
Information enrichment Concept detection
Event detection
Relationship detection
Text normalization
Text summarization
Extract structured information from free text and attach this new information to the source
Information extraction Concept detection
Event detection
Relationship detection
Extract structured information from free text
Prediction Classification
Prediction
Identification
Use structured information to classify free-text reports, predict outcomes, or identify cases
Software development
and evaluation
Software development
Software evaluation
Develop new NLP software or evaluate new or existing NLP software
Text processing Text normalization
Text summarization
Transform free text into a new, more comprehensible form