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Table 2 A sample of universals and defined classes

From: DMTO: a realistic ontology for standard diabetes mellitus treatment

Class name Description Class name Description
symptomatic A patient who has at least three diabetes symptoms to support the diagnosis. food The types of foods that can be used to prepare the diet plan.
diabetes drug All diabetes treatment drugs, including metformin. patient The patient to be diagnosed and treated.
organismal quality The patient’s qualities, including demographics, profile, lifestyle. mechanism of action Models the drug’s mechanism of action.
adverse effect All adverse effects of diabetes drugs. treatment plan Models the patient’s plan, including drugs, lifestyle, and education.