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Table 1 The axiom patterns in Manchester OWL Syntax for populating the main classes of the two core ontologies: the extended lemon core ontology (lemonEXT); and the modified OBAN core ontology (OBAMmod). Each axiom pattern in the second column contains variables, which can be easily identified as they start with the character “?”. The third column exemplifies OWL individuals that are the result of populating the axiom patterns introduced in the second column

From: Exploring semantic deep learning for building reliable and reusable one health knowledge from PubMed systematic reviews and veterinary clinical notes

Brief description of axiom patternAxiom pattern in
Manchester OWL Syntax
Example of populating the Axiom pattern in
Manchester OWL Syntax
Individual of the OWL class lemon:LexicalTopicIndividual:? x
 Annotations: label? lbx@en
 Types: ‘Lexical topic’
Individual: heart_failure
 Annotations: label “heart_failure”@en
 Types: ‘Lexical topic’
Individual of the OWL class lemon:LexicalEntryIndividual:? y
 Annotations: label? lby@en
 Types: ‘Lexical entry’
 Facts: denotes? CUI
Individual: beta-blockers
 Annotations: label “beta-blockers”@en
 Types: ‘Lexical entry’
 Facts: denotes ‘Adrenergic beta-Antagonists’
Individual of the OWL class lemon:LexiconIndividual:? z
 Annotations: label? lbz@en
 Types: Lexicon
   ‘correlated with’? dataset,
   ‘correlated with’? model,
entry? y1,
… … …
entry? y20
Individual: PMSB_CBOW_heart_failure
 Annotations: label “PMSB_CBOW_heart_failure”@en
 Types: Lexicon
  'correlated with’ ‘PMSB dataset’,
  'correlated with’ CBOW,
  entry beta-blockers,
… … …
entry ‘cardiac_resynchronization_therapy_(CRT)’
Individual of the OWL class oban:associationIndividual:? Cpair
 Annotations: rdfs:label? lbCpair@en
 Types: association
  oban:association_has_object? CUI1,
  oban:association_has_subject? CUI2
Individual: ‘(C0017601,C0020581)’
 Annotations: label “(C0017601,C0020581)”@en
 Types: association
  'association has object’ Hyphema,
  'association has subject’ Glaucoma
Individual of the OWL class oban: provenanceIndividual:? ECpair
 Annotations: rdfs:label? lbECpair@en
 Types: provenance
  'has source’? BMJdoc,
  'has excerpt’? BMJterm,
  'has evidence’? lbEvidence,
  'has excerpt’? EEexcerpt,
  'is about’? Cpair,
  'date creation association’? d1^^string,
 'source date issued’? d2^^string
Individual: ‘(C0017601,C0020581,Relatedness by inexact match (background knowledge))’
  label “(C0017601,C0020581,Relatedness by inexact match (background knowledge))”@en
 Types: provenance
  'has source’ ‘BMJ Best Practice: Open-angle glaucoma’,
  'has excerpt’ trabeculotomy,
  'has evidence’ ‘Relatedness by inexact match (background knowledge)’,
  'has excerpt’ EEexcerpt_70,
  'is about’ ‘(C0017601,C0020581)’,
  'date creation association’ “May-2018″^^string,
  'source date issued’ “09-Dec-2016″^^string